Scotland (Gaelic: Alba) is one of the four
constituent countries of the United Kingdom. Edinburgh, the
country's capital and second largest city, is one of Europe's
largest financial centres. Scotland's largest city is Glasgow.
As part of the United Kingdom, the head of state in Scotland is the
monarch of the United Kingdom, Queen Elizabeth II.
Scotland has self-government within the United Kingdom as well as
representation in the UK Parliament. Executive and legislative
powers have been devolved to, respectively, the Scottish Government
and the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood in Edinburgh. Since May
2007, the First Minister of Scotland has been the Rt. Hon Alex
Salmond MSP, who is also leader of the SNP party.
For further information on Scotland, please see scotland